每天推薦一個 GitHub 優質開源項目和一篇精選英文科技或編程文章原文,歡迎關注開源日報。交流QQ群:202790710;電報群 https://t.me/OpeningSourceOrg


今日推薦開源項目:《Pell 一款超輕量級 web 文本編輯器

推薦理由:Pell 是一款超輕量級的 web 文本編輯器,提供文本編輯能力,包括加粗,加斜,下劃線,列表,插入鏈接等。除此之外,它可高度自定義,整個編輯器的樣式可方便地隨意調節,編輯器的所有的圖標和操作也都可以自定義。你完全可以通過簡單地修改將其變成一個屬於自己的編輯器。而 Pell 的 min 版本大小只有 3.54 kB , gizp 之後只有 1.38 kB,真可謂超輕量,並且不依賴任何框架和庫。

2018年4月28日:開源日報第51期

 

github: https://github.com/jaredreich/pell

live demo: https://jaredreich.com/pell 試一試 pell 的驚艷表現吧。

2018年4月28日:開源日報第51期

原理和使用

實現一個編輯器可以先了解 domcument.execCommand: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Document/execCommand 這個 API,Pell 使用了這個 API 對文本進行處理,因此也決定了 Pell 只支持 IE9+。

2018年4月28日:開源日報第51期

Pell 其實是實現了一個最基本的編輯器,可以說小巧夠用,也可以說簡陋。。。監聽 ActionBar 的按鈕點擊然後執行 execCommand 相應的命令罷了。

Pell 可以通過修改其樣式文件來修改編輯器的樣式,默認的 sass 也就幾行。ActionBar 上的按鈕樣式可以通過創建時自定義實現。一個小文本編輯器可以使用如下代碼自定義創建。

Pell 實現的東西很簡單,原理也不是很難,有時候我們有想法就應該去做,即使是 demo 或許也能夠成功哦。

2018年4月28日:開源日報第51期

作者

2018年4月28日:開源日報第51期

Jared Reich 是一位來自加拿大阿爾伯塔的開發工程師

twitter:https://twitter.com/_jaredreich

 


今日推薦英文原文:《Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 18.04》作者:

原文鏈接:https://itsfoss.com/things-to-do-after-installing-ubuntu-18-04/

推薦理由:今天跟 Ubuntu 18.04 LTS的新聞很多,整個社區都很熱鬧,昨天更跟大家推送了關於 Ubuntu 18.04 你需要知道的事情,今天下載安裝 Ubuntu 後,請看這篇《安裝完 Ubuntu 18.04 後應該做的事情》,幫助你獲得最佳的使用體驗。

Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 18.04

If you opted to install Ubuntu 18.04, I have listed out a few recommended steps that you can follow to get started with it.

Things to do after installing Ubuntu 18.04

I should mention that the list of things to do after installing Ubuntu 18.04 depends a lot on you and your interests and needs. If you are a programmer, you』ll focus on installing programming tools. If you are a graphic designer, you』ll focus on installing graphics tools.

Still, there are a few things that should be applicable to most Ubuntu users. This list is composed of those things plus a few of my of my favorites.

Also, this list is for the default GNOME desktop. If you are using some other flavor like Kubuntu, Lubuntu etc then the GNOME-specific stuff won』t be applicable to your system.

You don』t have to follow each and every point on the list blindly. You should see if the recommended action suits your requirements or not.

With that said, let』s get started with this list of things to do after installing Ubuntu 18.04.

1. Update the system

This is the first thing you should do after installing Ubuntu. Update the system without fail.  It may sound strange because you just installed a fresh OS but still, you must check for the updates.

In my experience, if you don』t update the system right after installing Ubuntu, you might face issues while trying to install a new program.

To update Ubuntu 18.04, press Super Key (Windows Key) to launch the Activity Overview and look for Software Updater. Run it to check for updates.

Alternatively, you can use these famous commands in the terminal ( Use Ctrl+Alt+T):

2. Enable additional repositories for more software

Ubuntu has several repositories from where it provides software for your system. These repositories are:

  • Main – Free and open-source software supported by Ubuntu team
  • Universe – Free and open-source software maintained by the community
  • Restricted – Proprietary drivers for devices.
  • Multiverse – Software restricted by copyright or legal issues.
  • Canonical Partners – Software packaged by Ubuntu for their partners

Enabling all these repositories will give you access to more software and proprietary drivers.

Go to Activity Overview by pressing Super Key (Windows key), and search for Software & Updates:

Software and Updates in Ubuntu 17.10

Under the Ubuntu Software tab, make sure you have checked all of the Main, Universe, Restricted and Multiverse repository checked.

Now move to the Other Software tab, check the option of Canonical Partners.

You』ll have to enter your password in order to update the software sources. Once it completes, you』ll find more applications to install in the Software Center.

3. Install media codecs

In order to play media files like MP#, MPEG4, AVI etc, you』ll need to install media codecs. Ubuntu has them in their repository but doesn』t install it by default because of copyright issues in various countries.

As an individual, you can install these media codecs easily using the Ubuntu Restricted Extra package. Click on the link below to install it from the Software Center.

Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras

Or alternatively, use the command below to install it:

4. Install software from the Software Center

Now that you have setup the repositories and installed the codecs, it is time to get software. If you are absolutely new to Ubuntu, please follow this guide to installing software in Ubuntu.

There are several ways to install software. The most convenient way is to use the Software Center that has thousands of software available in various categories. You can install them in a few clicks from the software center.

It depends on you what kind of software you would like to install. I』ll suggest some of my favorites here.

  • VLC – media player for videos
  • GIMP – Photoshop alternative for Linux
  • Pinta – Paint alternative in Linux
  • Calibre – eBook management tool
  • Chromium – Open Source web browser
  • Kazam – Screen recorder tool
  • Gdebi – Lightweight package installer for .deb packages
  • Spotify – For streaming music
  • Skype – For video messaging
  • KdenliveVideo editor for Linux
  • AtomCode editor for programming

You may also refer to this list of must-have Linux applications for more software recommendations.

5. Install software from the Web

Though Ubuntu has thousands of applications in the software center, you may not find some of your favorite applications despite the fact that they support Linux.

Many software vendors provide ready to install .deb packages. You can download these .deb files from their website and install it by double-clicking on it.

Google Chrome is one such software that you can download from the web and install it.

6. Opt out of data collection in Ubuntu 18.04 (optional)

Ubuntu 18.04 collects some harmless statistics about your system hardware and your system installation preference. It also collects crash reports.

You』ll be given the option to not send this data to Ubuntu servers when you log in to Ubuntu 18.04 for the first time.

If you miss it that time, you can disable it by going to System Settings -> Privacy and then set the Problem Reporting to Manual.

7. Customize the GNOME desktop (Dock, themes, extensions and more)

The GNOME desktop looks good in Ubuntu 18.04 but doesn』t mean you cannot change it.

You can do a few visual changes from the System Settings. You can change the wallpaper of the desktop and the lock screen, you can change the position of the dock (launcher on the left side), change power settings, Bluetooth etc. In short, you can find many settings that you can change as per your need.

Ubuntu 17.10 System Settings
Change dock position

Changing themes and icons are the major way to change the looks of your system. I advise going through the list of best GNOME themes and icons for Ubuntu. Once you have found the theme and icon of your choice, you can use them with GNOME Tweaks tool.

You can install GNOME Tweaks via the Software Center or you can use the command below to install it:

Once it is installed, you can easily install new themes and icons.

Change themes and icons

You should also have a look at use GNOME extensions to further enhance the looks and capabilities of your system. I made this video about using GNOME extensions in 17.10 and you can follow the same for Ubuntu 18.04.

If you are wondering which extension to use, do take a look at this list of best GNOME extensions.

I also recommend reading this article on GNOME customization in Ubuntu so that you can know the GNOME desktop in detail.

8. Prolong your battery and prevent overheating

Let』s move on to prevent overheating in Linux laptops. TLP is a wonderful tool that controls CPU temperature and extends your laptops』 battery life in the long run.

Make sure that you haven』t installed any other power saving application such as Laptop Mode Tools. You can install it using the command below in a terminal:

Once installed, run the command below to start it:

9. Save your eyes with Nightlight

Nightlight is my favorite feature in GNOME desktop. Keeping your eyes safe at night from the computer screen is very important. Reducing blue light helps reducing eye strain at night.

GNOME provides a built-in Night Light option, which you can activate in the System Settings.

Just go to System Settings-> Devices-> Displays and turn on the Night Light option.

9. Disable automatic suspend for laptops

Ubuntu 18.04 comes with a new automatic suspend feature for laptops. If the system is running on battery and is inactive for 20 minutes, it will go in suspend mode.

I understand that the intention is to save battery life but it is an inconvenience as well. You can』t keep the power plugged in all the time because it』s not good for the battery life. And you may need the system to be running even when you are not using it.

Thankfully, you can change this behavior. Go to System Settings -> Power. Under Suspend & Power Button section, either turn off the Automatic Suspend option or extend its time period.

You can also change the screen dimming behavior in here.

10. System cleaning

I have written in detail about how to clean up your Ubuntu system. I recommend reading that article to know various ways to keep your system free of junk.

Normally, you can use this little command to free up space from your system:

It』s a good idea to run this command every once a while. If you don』t like the command line, you can use a GUI tool like Stacer or Bleach Bit.

11. Going back to Unity or Vanilla GNOME (not recommended)

If you have been using Unity or GNOME in the past, you may not like the new customized GNOME desktop in Ubuntu 18.04. Ubuntu has customized GNOME so that it resembles Unity but at the end of the day, it is neither completely Unity nor completely GNOME.

So if you are a hardcore Unity or GNOMEfan, you may want to use your favorite desktop in its 『real』 form. I wouldn』t recommend but if you insist here are some tutorials for you:

12. Can』t log in to Ubuntu 18.04 after incorrect password? Here』s a workaround

I noticed a little bug in Ubuntu 18.04 while trying to change the desktop session to Ubuntu Community theme. It seems if you try to change the sessions at the login screen, it rejects your password first and at the second attempt, the login gets stuck. You can wait for 5-10 minutes to get it back or force power it off.

The workaround here is that after it displays the incorrect password message, click Cancel, then click your name, then enter your password again.

13. Experience the Community theme (optional)

Ubuntu 18.04 was supposed to have a dashing new theme developed by the community. The theme could not be completed so it could not become the default look of Bionic Beaver release. I am guessing that it will be the default theme in Ubuntu 18.10.

Ubuntu Communitheme

You can try out the aesthetic theme even today. Installing Ubuntu Community Theme is very easy. Just look for it in the software center, install it, restart your system and then at the login choose the Communitheme session.

14. Get Windows 10 in Virtual Box (if you need it)

In a situation where you must use Windows for some reasons, you can install Windows in virtual box inside Linux. It will run as a regular Ubuntu application.

It』s not the best way but it still gives you an option. You can also use WINE to run Windows software on Linux. In both cases, I suggest trying the alternative native Linux application first before jumping to virtual machine or WINE.

What do you do after installing Ubuntu?

Those were my suggestions for getting started with Ubuntu. There are many more tutorials that you can find under Ubuntu 18.04 tag. You may go through them as well to see if there is something useful for you.

Enough from myside. Your turn now. What are the items on your list of things to do after installing Ubuntu 18.04? The comment section is all yours.


每天推薦一個 GitHub 優質開源項目和一篇精選英文科技或編程文章原文,歡迎關注開源日報。交流QQ群:202790710;電報群 https://t.me/OpeningSourceOrg