开源日报 每天推荐一个 GitHub 优质开源项目和一篇精选英文科技或编程文章原文,坚持阅读《开源日报》,保持每日学习的好习惯。
今日推荐开源项目:《股票 Stock》
今日推荐英文原文:《How to Properly Cite Your Sources in a Technical Article》
开源日报第842期:《股票 Stock》
今日推荐开源项目:《股票 Stock》传送门:GitHub链接
推荐理由:该项目(PythonStock V1) 是基于Python的pandas,tushare,bokeh,tornado,stockstats,ta-lib等框架开发的全栈股票系统,可以直接使用docker直接本地部署运行。

特别说明:股市有风险投资需谨慎,本项目只能用于Python代码学习,股票分析,并不提供投资指导。 开源日报第842期:《股票 Stock》
今日推荐英文原文:《How to Properly Cite Your Sources in a Technical Article》作者:Zack Shapiro
原文链接:https://medium.com/better-programming/how-to-properly-cite-your-sources-in-a-technical-article-309411029306
推荐理由:无论是代码还是论文均有较为完善的查重系统,也苦恼了不少人。正确地引用才能避免这个问题。

How to Properly Cite Your Sources in a Technical Article

A guide to avoiding plagiarism on Medium

At Better Programming, we read a lot of articles.

We’ve worked with thousands of authors and have 15 professional copy editors on our team that touch up every article that we publish. We edit for grammar and spelling, where appropriate, and sure that every article meets the Better Programming Style Guide.

The issue that keeps us from publishing an article most frequently is plagiarism. Plagiarism usually appears in the form of authors copying and pasting text from a source that isn’t cited in their article.

When we find plagiarized text, we give the author a chance to update their article with proper attribution. If subsequent articles are submitted with plagiarized work, it becomes more difficult for us to continue working with that author as we cannot trust that their submissions are fully their own work.

Of course, everyone makes mistakes, and not every copy-paste job is malicious. No one does anything alone but if we build off of someone else’s work, we have to do our best to ensure that the work we publish belongs to that author.

Definition

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary defines plagiarize as:
  • To steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own : use (another’s production) without crediting the source
  • To commit literary theft : present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
For example, an article entitled, “Get Started With Apple’s Swift Today” may begin:

Announced in 2014, the Swift programming language has quickly become one of the fastest growing languages in history. Swift makes it easy to write software that is incredibly fast and safe by design.
(then the article continues)

A quick Google search will show that those two sentences were directly copied and pasted from the second paragraph of Swift.org without quoting or attribution.

Unfortunately, this is plagiarism. It’s not the author’s original work. It does not use quotes or attribute the text to the original source, Swift.org.

Without attributing the copy, we will have to reject the article from being published in Better Programming.

So What Should the Author Do?

The good news is that this is easily fixable and it’s fast to do!

By wrapping the text the author copied and pasted in quotes and then adding the source afterward, the author has corrected their mistake:
“Announced in 2014, the Swift programming language has quickly become one of the fastest growing languages in history. Swift makes it easy to write software that is incredibly fast and safe by design,” according to Apple’s Swift.org.
They’ve used quotes to show that the words were written by someone else and then used the attribution (according to) to show whose words they actually are. They also linked to the source so readers can visit Swift.org for more details on Swift, right from Apple.

Paraphrasing

In addition to quoting and citing their source, the author can paraphrase. Paraphrasing comes in the form of reading something and writing your own version of that original text without copying it verbatim.

For example, the author could paraphrase Swift.org as:
Apple unveiled Swift in 2014. It has since become one of the fastest growing languages. Swift’s type safety makes it easy to write code that’s fast and safe in its design.
Notice it’s not quoted and it doesn’t cite Swift.org. It’s also not plagiarism.

That’s because it’s the author’s original work. They distilled what they read and wrote something original for their audience.

What Kind of Things Should You Cite?

  • Any text, no matter how long or short, that you did not write yourself
  • Photos that you used from around the web in your article
  • Code that you copied and pasted from another source with a link to that source

Conclusion

I hope that helps clear up how to give proper attribution to the content you use in your article. We don’t want you to steal anyone’s work. They worked hard writing that.

The beautiful thing about the web is that we build it together. Linking is easy to do, it’s fast, and helps us share our resources with our audience.

Like in the physical world, theft in the digital world is bad. Plagiarism prevents us from publishing some great work if an author is unable to, or unwilling to, update their article to give proper attribution.

If you have any questions, feel free to leave them as responses. Thanks!


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