開源日報 每天推薦一個 GitHub 優質開源項目和一篇精選英文科技或編程文章原文,堅持閱讀《開源日報》,保持每日學習的好習慣。
今日推薦開源項目:《日語 Awesome-Japanese》
今日推薦英文原文:《AI Will Reinstate Direct Democracy》
開源日報第603期:《日語 Awesome-Japanese》
今日推薦開源項目:《日語 Awesome-Japanese》傳送門:GitHub鏈接
推薦理由:實在閑得無聊的時候,學點什麼總是沒錯的,比如某種新的編程語言——或者是真正的語言。這個項目是關於學習日語的資料合集,學習真正的語言雖然與編程語言相似,不同的語言間同樣有著相通的部分,但是難度可不是一個層面上的,兩天時間學習編程語言可能寫起來已經開始有點像樣了,但是學習日語也就背熟個五十音,僅僅只是開始的一步而已,儘管學會之後好處很多,但是也要付出相應的時間和覺悟來才行。
今日推薦英文原文:《AI Will Reinstate Direct Democracy》作者:Sukhayl Niyazov
原文鏈接:https://medium.com/swlh/a-i-will-reinstate-direct-democracy-26cb9cd751de
推薦理由:把 AI 用在政治上

AI Will Reinstate Direct Democracy

The case for optimism in the age of artificial intelligence

The majority of the debates regarding the advent of artificial intelligence (AI) seems to be focused only on negative sides. AI-powered monopolies, the tyranny of the minority, jobless future, collapse of the democratic system and capitalism, global inequality, digital dictatorships — to name a few.

Media and people tend to focus their attention on negative things only, however. AI, though it will clearly bring about many challenges, will also result in tremendous new opportunities.
One of the biggest promises of AI is that it will signal the advent of a truly 「direct」 democracy.
It will help us define what it means to be a human. It will create a society of abundance and will allow humans to stop doing tedious and dehumanizing work. It will turn emotionally charged politics into evidence-based discourse with data-driven suggestions on how to tackle our problems.

Instead of sowing feelings of doom and gloom, we should pay more attention to how we can maximize the advantaged offered by AI and minimize its negative implications.
Optimism is the faith that leads to achievement. Nothing can be done without hope and confidence. Helen Keller
One of the biggest promises of AI is that it will signal the advent of a truly 「direct」 democracy.
With the dawn of the AI era, we might witness the revival of the original form of democracy practised in ancient Athens — the (almost) direct rule by the people.
Since the inception of the first democracies, democratic governance has functioned in the following way.

Politicians present their views to the electorate and citizens elect a politician who will best advance their interests.

However, managing the country through elected representatives is not always the best approach, because very often elected officials backtrack from their promises and deviate from the expectations of their constituents. The resulting gap between ordinary people and policymakers is often hard to bridge, leading to mutual misunderstandings and mistrust that undermine the democratic system.

It is known that in today』s political environment, politicians are forced to sell multiple versions of themselves to different voter groups. They often tell different stories to various religious, ethnic, economic and political groups in order to increase their popularity. That is, by the way, the reason why candidates』 general speeches are boring and lack concretization: they fear that certain people will stop supporting them if they make controversial statements.

However, with the dawn of the AI era, we might witness the revival of the original form of democracy practiced in ancient Athens — the (almost) direct rule by the people.

In our day and age, politicians, instead of announcing their views and waiting until the electorate makes a choice, study voters』 perspectives and adjust themselves accordingly to fit the voters』 expectations.

Candidates use machine learning and artificial intelligence to analyze data about voters』 opinions. Data drawn from citizens』 activity in social networks (and beyond) about their preferences and desires could be used to identify the true wishes of citizens.

As politicians utilize AI techniques to analyze voters』 views, a new kind of social contract emerges, where, based on Big Data research, elected officials』 perspectives are the representation of the electorate』s views.

When a candidate finds out that his or her platform is not a popular one among voters, he or she can change it in a manner that is geared towards people』s demands and needs.

That is how democracy could be ultimately reinforced by the use of AI: analyzing voters』 databases would give a politician a precise image of what citizens need, thereby bridging the gap between representatives and citizens and enhancing the democratic process by de-facto reinstating the Athenian democracy, albeit in a bit different form.

After all, politicians, in the quest for more votes, will try their best to satisfy the requirements of the electorate to win their favor.

In the words of Pedro Domingos, a renowned AI expert, thanks to AI,
democracy works better because the bandwidth of communication between voters and politicians increases enormously.
The advent of the AI era will mark a turning point in the history of human evolution. It will provide us with unprecedented opportunities and pose substantial challenges.

But let us remain optimistic — and focus on the bright side of the issue. After all, as Noam Chomsky has said,
Optimism is a strategy for making a better future. Because unless you believe that the future can be better, you are unlikely to step up and take responsibility for making it so.

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