開源日報 每天推薦一個 GitHub 優質開源項目和一篇精選英文科技或編程文章原文,堅持閱讀《開源日報》,保持每日學習的好習慣。
今日推薦開源項目:《IntelliJ-IDEA-Tutorial》
今日推薦英文原文:《Andy Jassy quietly built a giant at Amazon. As CEO, he steps into the spotlight》
開源日報第1029期:《IntelliJ-IDEA-Tutorial》
今日推薦開源項目:《IntelliJ-IDEA-Tutorial》傳送門:項目鏈接
推薦理由:強大的集成能力, 提示功能的快速、便捷, 好用的快捷鍵和代碼模板以及精準搜索使得idea成為了開發者的不二之選. 而idea選項眾多, 很多程序猿卡在了如何使用這款利器上. 該項目整合了官方文檔, 翻譯成中文, 對眾多小白更加友好.
今日推薦英文原文:《Andy Jassy quietly built a giant at Amazon. As CEO, he steps into the spotlight》作者:Laura Hautala
原文鏈接:https://www.cnet.com/news/andy-jassy-quietly-built-a-giant-at-amazon-as-ceo-he-steps-into-the-spotlight/
推薦理由:Andy Jassy將於 7 月出任亞馬遜首席執行官,他曾在 2017 年的一次會議上發表講話。Jassy領導了亞馬遜網路服務的創建,並就政治問題發表了自由言論,但現在他成為了整個公司的焦點。

Andy Jassy quietly built a giant at Amazon. As CEO, he steps into the spotlight

The name Andy Jassy might not have rung any bells for most people Tuesday morning, but by the afternoon, the world knew him as the heir apparent and next CEO of Amazon. Already a chief executive in his own right — if not one well-versed on the public stage — the head of Amazon Web Services and 24-year employee at the tech juggernaut will step into the spotlight to helm the company starting in July once founder Jeff Bezos transitions to the role of executive chairman.

Jassy will run a highly profitable company at a time when it has grown larger than ever, thanks in part to the pandemic. Amazon’s already enormous retail business has spent the past year scaling up dramatically to meet the surge in demand from pandemic shoppers stuck at home, and Jassy’s own cloud computing unit controls a third of the market.

Amazon, however, also faces the scrutiny of regulators as the federal government investigates Amazon for potential antitrust violations and lawmakers like Sen. Bernie Sanders accuses the company of profiting off of price spikes during the pandemic. Like Bezos before him, every move by Jassy will be under the microscope.

How Jassy will handle this scrutiny over Amazon’s dominance, in addition to steering divisions of the company he wasn’t previously a part of, remains to be seen. He quietly built Amazon’s cloud service business into a market leader and the company’s most profitable segment. But he hasn’t faced the questions of regulators and Congress.

His past press appearances show Jassy is comfortable speaking to controversy and conversant in Amazon’s stances on its own size and dominance. But, he wasn’t the person in charge of the company then.

Now he’ll have to face critiques over a range of issues, including the company’s creation of facial recognition products; the safety and authenticity of products sold by the third-party vendors that make up about half of Amazon’s sales; its impact on the environment; and its treatment of warehouse and delivery workers. Not to mention whether Amazon has illegal monopoly power.

Jassy holds to Amazon’s corporate values

Analysts weren’t surprised by Jassy’s promotion. A seasoned Amazonian who has worked closely with Bezos, Jassy built up AWS from its beginning in 2003. In a foreword to a 2017 book about cloud computing, Jassy wrote that his team took an internal software tool developed to increase efficiency in Amazon’s engineering teams and made it into a valuable product for other businesses, too. This led to the creation of Amazon Simple Storage Service, or Amazon S3.

Amazon didn’t make Jassy available for an interview for this story. His past speeches and writings show Jassy embraces Bezos’ ethos of going all in on a new idea, building on any success or moving on if it flops.

“This is an astute approach to succession planning,” said Nicholas McQuire, an analyst at CCS Insight who focuses on executives. “Bezos created the blueprint for internet businesses: rapid innovation, huge scale and relentless focus on the customer,” he said, adding that Jassy is one of the few people who can replicate that formula.

“Often you’re going to have to reinvent yourself multiple times over” to build a business that will last for decades, Jassy said in a keynote address at AWS’ re:Invent conference in December He went on to praise Netflix for “cannibalizing its own DVD rental business” when it anticipated how important streaming would become.

Jassy’s grasp of why cloud computing became essential to businesses everywhere also applies to Amazon’s larger success story. “With the cloud, you provision what you need, scale up seamlessly when needed, and shed resources and costs when it’s not needed,” Jassy said in the foreword to the 2017 book.

It’s the kind of flexibility that’s at the center of Amazon’s ethos.

Jassy will have to face controversy

Carrying on a corporate mantra that has made Amazon a success for shareholders is one thing. Another is facing external criticism and attempts at regulation. That same taste for scaling has quickly put Amazon in the crosshairs for its market dominance and potential power to quash or acquire competitors.

In a 2019 interview with PBS’ Frontline, Jassy dealt with questions over whether Amazon has too much power. At the time, he said Amazon doesn’t see itself as so big, only making up about 1% of the retail sector internationally. It will be a different task to convince antitrust regulators that Amazon reaping one in 100 dollars of global retail sales isn’t astounding (and the US number is higher).

Regulators are particularly concerned about Amazon’s private label business, and its ability to unfairly undercut other retailers on its platform with cheaper competing products.

Jassy has also been outspoken on political issues. As Business Insider pointed out, he tweeted in support of a US Supreme Court decision upholding employment protections for LGBTQ workers and decried high incarceration rates in the US, and he highlighted the injustice of the murders of Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor and George Floyd during his re:Invent keynote address. Bezos has been less vocal on political issues, and it’s not clear whether Jassy will be able to express himself so freely now that he’ll be the face of Amazon.

Then there’s Amazon’s ability to control what exists on the internet. AWS commands more than a third of the cloud market. Technically, AWS could also take a lot of the internet offline. In the same Frontline interview, Jassy alluded to this power.

“If there’s any kind of documented proof of people misusing the technology,” he said, “we will suspend people’s ability not just to use the technology but to use AWS.”

Jassy was addressing concerns that law enforcement would abuse its facial recognition technology. But his words took on new meaning this year when AWS suspended cloud hosting services to Parler, a social media platform used during the Capitol riot on Jan. 6, for not moderating content calling for violence.

Now Jassy will have to take heat from Congress and regulators not only as Amazon’s future CEO, but also as the owner of the decision to take Parler offline. Whether or not AWS was right to do so, he’ll have to explain what it means that it could.
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